This study has a companion set of audio messages you can listen to online here.
God has always dealt with his people with covenants. Beginning with Adam and continuing until the present day, God's covenants with his people have had specific characteristics. All covenants have a three-pronged structure. They include a promise by God, a condition, and a sign.
All Covenants are structured
Genesis 15-17 (Everlasting)
Promise—Father of Multitudes
Condition—Faith: Abraham believed
Sign—Circumcision (Gen. 17:10-13)
Promise—Never to destroy the earth by flood
Sign—Rainbow (Genesis 9:12-16)
Promise—A Great Land
(Exodus 31:12-18 & Exodus 20:8-11)
For the focus of this discussion the Mosiac covenant is the most important. The Mosiac covenant was the Ten Commandment Law.
And He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.
Deut. 4:13 Also read: Deut 9:9-12, 15; 10:4; Deut 5:2-22; 1 Kings 8:9, 21
And He declared to you His covenant which He commanded to you to perform, that is, the Ten Commandments; and He wrote them on two tables of stone.
The Ten Commandment Law was not given before Sinai. Deut. 5:2-3 says, "The Lord our God made a covenant with us in Horeb. The Lord did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us." Then he gives the Ten Commandments in vss. 6-22.
Thus the Old Covenant, the Ten Commandments, had a definite beginning and a definite end. Gal. 3:19 clearly states, "The law was added UNTIL the seed should come."
What is this covenant that was to come?